James Joyce

James Joyce

James Joyce, Irish novelist, noted for his experimental use of language in such works as Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939). Joyce's technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions. James Joyce was born in Dublin, on February 2, 1882, as the son of John Stanislaus Joyce, an impoverished gentleman, who had failed in a distillery business and tried all kinds of professions, including politics and tax collecting. Joyce's mother, Mary Jane Murray, was ten years younger than her husband. She was an accomplished pianist, whose life was dominated by the Roman Catholic Church. In spite of their poverty, the family struggled to maintain a solid middle-class facade.From the age of six Joyce, was educated by Jesuits at Clongowes Wood College, at Clane, and then at Belvedere College in Dublin (1893-97). In 1898 he entered the University College, Dublin. Joyce's first publication was an essay on Ibsen's play When We Dead Awaken. It appeared in the Fortnightly Review in 1900. At this time he also began writing lyric poems.After graduation in 1902 the twenty-year-old Joyce went to Paris, where he worked as a journalist, teacher and in other occupations under difficult financial conditions. He spent a year in France, returning when a telegram arrived saying his mother was dying. Not long after her death, Joyce was traveling again. He left Dublin in 1904 with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid who he married in 1931. Joyce published Dubliners in 1914, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1916, a play Exiles in 1918 and Ulysses in 1922. In 1907 Joyce had published a collection of poems, Chamber Music.At the outset of the First World War, Joyce moved with his family to Zürich. In Zürich Joyce started to develop the early chapters of Ulysses, which was first published in France because of censorship troubles in the Great Britain and the United States, where the book became legally available only in 1933. In March 1923 Joyce started in Paris his second major work, Finnegans Wake, suffering at the same time chronic eye troubles caused by glaucoma. The first segment of the novel appeared in Ford Madox Ford's transatlantic review in April 1924, as part of what Joyce called Work in Progress. The final version was published in 1939.Some critics considered the work a masterpiece, though many readers found it incomprehensible. After the fall of France in WWII, Joyce returned to Zürich, where he died on January 13, 1941, still disappointed with the reception of Finnegans Wake.
Ulysses, James Joyce
James Joyce
Ulysses
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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, James Joyce
Dubliners, James Joyce
James Joyce
Dubliners
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Finnegans Wake, James Joyce
James Joyce
Finnegans Wake
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The Dead, James Joyce
James Joyce
The Dead
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Araby, James Joyce
James Joyce
Araby
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Eveline, James Joyce
James Joyce
Eveline
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Exiles, James Joyce
James Joyce
Exiles
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Dubliners (with special introduction), James Joyce
James Joyce
Cham­ber Mu­sic (The Orig­i­nal Edi­tion of 34 Po­ems)
James Joyce
The Sis­ters
James Joyce
The Sisters
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James Joyce
The Board­ing House
James Joyce
The Boarding House
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Pomes Penyeach (The Original 1927 Paris Edition), James Joyce
James Joyce
An En­counter
James Joyce
An Encounter
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James Joyce
A Lit­tle Cloud
James Joyce
A Little Cloud
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James Joyce
A Painful Case
James Joyce
A Painful Case
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50 Masterpieces you have to read before you die Vol: 1 [newly updated] (Golden Deer Classics), Bram Stoker, Charles Dickens, D.H Lawrence, George Eliot, Golden Deer Classics, James Joyce, Jane Austen, Joseph Conrad, Leo Tolstoy, Oscar Wilde
Bram Stoker, Charles Dickens, D.H Lawrence, George Eliot, Golden Deer Classics, James Joyce, Jane Austen, Joseph Conrad, Leo Tolstoy, Oscar Wilde
50 Masterpieces you have to read before you die Vol: 1 [newly updated] (Golden Deer Classics)
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James Joyce
Af­ter The Race
James Joyce
After The Race
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James Joyce
Two Gal­lants
James Joyce
Two Gallants
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James Joyce
A Mother
James Joyce
A Mother
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