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Peter Hollins

The Science of Self-Learning

    Sergey Puyandaykinhar citeretfor 21 dage siden
    Pink described three different factors that make up intrinsic motivation.
    aminahar citeretfor 2 måneder siden
    you are able to direct it yourself. You believe learning is to sit and absorb and then demonstrate said absorption
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    On a handwritten sheet for note-taking (writing by hand is key), split it down the middle and into two columns. Make the column on the right about twice the size as the column on the left. Label the right column “Notes” and label the left column “Cues.” Leave a couple inches empty at the bottom of the page and label that section “Summary.”
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    The technique is called The SQ3R method, named for its five components:

    survey

    question

    read

    recite

    review
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    In fact, studies conducted in the 1970s by professors Harry Harlow and Edward Deci found that extrinsic motivation actually detracts from intrinsic motivation: if you’re doing a job because you both get money and seek personal satisfaction from it, the motive for outside rewards will diminish the quality of the internal rewards you pursue
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    The opposite of this concept is intrinsic motivation. Rather than performing a task to gain rewards or avoid punishment from someone else, a person experiencing intrinsic motivation does an activity for how it will enrich them on an intangible level. The rewards one gets in this framework are self-generated: pride, sense of accomplishment, enjoyment, rising to a challenge. These kinds of rewards, quite simply, feel better and have more personal meaning than a paycheck or a grade
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    We call that reward-or-punishment framework extrinsic motivation: the compensation you get comes from an external source, such as the company you work for or the school district you study in. Somebody else is generating your payments or rewards according to guidelines that they set up—not you. This kind of motivation might have worked for a while in the past, when options for study and employment were more limited and people just wanted to survive
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    After our emotional centers are done processing new info, the next brain part to receive the data is the front brain, or the prefrontal cortex. This is a bit like our own personal assistant: it handles motor function, memory, language, problem-solving, impulse regulation, social behavior, and a bunch of other cognitive skills. When the front brain is exhausted or depleted, we experience a weariness that prevents us from getting anything done.

    This is known as ego depletion
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    So motivating someone to learn by threats or reproach isn’t just ineffective—it’s impossible. If one is feeling hurt or mistrusted, or if they’re dealing with depression, stress, difficult personal issues, or fear, they don’t have any resources left to help them learn.
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    The emotional center doesn’t distinguish between physical threats or personal ones, which means it perceives insults, harsh criticism, and condemnation with the same level of alarm that it would with a fist, a bear attack, or an oncoming truck. It’s responding to a danger to our well-being, and to do so, it hoards the chemicals we’d normally use for other brain-driven activity—such as learning
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    confidence

    self-management

    learning

    Confidence. At the base of Kruger’s pyramid is the self-conviction that we can learn. There’s no way around this prerequisite, and brain chemistry has something to do with it
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    The benefits of self-learning are pretty compelling, and I’m of the firm belief that anyone can do it. But as with any endeavor in life, self-learning isn’t operated by a switch that you can just flick on. It’s best when there’s some mental and emotional groundwork in place to prepare you for success. And of course, a helpful book such as this one never hurt anyone
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    For example: learning solely business Japanese instead of how to use it in daily settings. Committing to self-learning gives you the upper hand because it allows you to learn with broad purposes, different purposes, or no purpose at all. This is a stark contrast to learning inside the box, oriented toward a specific perspective.
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    You can dive as deeply into a subject as you want. All institutionalized school courses are finite. They can’t cover everything about a given subject because they’re beholden to time.
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    to abandon their studies. But they do illustrate some of the psychological barriers a traditional education can reinforce and can explain why it can be difficult to retain the information we’re supposed to learn in school. You’re told what to care about and how to think
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    You don’t imagine that there even is another way, much less that you are able to direct it yourself. You believe learning is to sit and absorb and then demonstrate said absorption
    zoespeleshar citeretfor 5 måneder siden
    The culture surrounding much of traditional education tells that there is truly only one path, and that’s the path they took; anyone else is illegitimate. How could someone do the same job as me when I have a bachelor of arts in sociology from a four-year university? Well… pretty easily, actually
    Rezzan Evsenhar citeretfor 2 år siden
    or at least our parents
    Adri Syamsoeyadihar citeretfor 2 år siden
    In the same vein as the previous point on pulling information, you mus
    Adri Syamsoeyadihar citeretfor 2 år siden
    The questions you’ll ask will penetrate far beyond simple common knowledge and will fill in the complete picture of what you’re studying.
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